Students are unaware that they have an effect on their world. They demonstrate reactive behaviors that express states of being (contented or discontented). These spontaneous but non goal directed behaviors such as crying, affective responses, or body movements are interpreted by the receiver.
(from Rowland and Schweigert)
*Goals are intended to assist the senders to achieve mastery of current level as well as prepare them for transition to the next level.
Topic: Expresses awareness or interest in topics initiated by partner. These tend to be related to basic motor/sensory needs.
Means: Demonstrates independent means of expression that are detectable to partners.
Sender: Demonstrates intentional behavior in response to different sensory and motor experiences.
Receiver: Develops secure relationship with a partner who is accessible and responsive.
Achieving outcomes boosts child to emerging Level II